In 1669 Virginia, the Casual Killing Act was enacted. This law exempted slave masters and those under the direction of slave masters from being charged with the murder of their slaves if the murder occurred in an attempt to punish or correct them. The Casual Killing Act became part of what would come to be known as the Black Codes—a group of laws which would lead to the creation of America’s horrific, maternally derived, “race”-determined form of slavery.