The study conducted in 1950 showed the effects of systemic racism and segregation and as a result the destruction of the self-esteem of Black children. The experiment done in Clarendon County S.C. involved 16 Black children, ages six through nine years of age. Eleven of the students described the Black doll as “bad” and nine described the White doll as “pretty” or “nice”. The test results influenced the U.S. Supreme Court decision; the Court would rule segregation to be unconstitutional in the Brown case in 1954. Overturning the “Separate but Equal” doctrine in 1952.
Each man was responsible for a quota of raw materials, failure to satisfactorily reach the quota even once resulted in mutilation, feet, and hands being the most often targeted locations. If a man needed both hands to perform an assigned task, the hands of his wife or children would be severed in substitute for his own.
African-American History, Black Consciousness
Comcast in its efforts to undermine the Reconstruction era protections against racial discrimination has appealed to the United States Supreme Court. Their argument is seeking to interpret the law in such a way that it can only be used if racial discrimination is 100% of the reason a business is being discriminatory. If only 1% of the discrimination is perceived to be from a non-racial standpoint, the business will not be held accountable for “mostly” racist practices. The Department of Justice under the Trump Administration filed an amicus brief on behalf of Comcast in an attempt to weaken a key protection against racial discrimination. Amicus briefs are legal documents filed in appellate court cases by non-litigants with a strong interest in the subject. The briefs advise the court of relevant, additional information or arguments the court may wish to consider. One of the most disturbing aspects of this case for me personally is the fact that; In 1866 the Andrew Johnson Administration was opposed to this very Civil Rights Act as well as the Trump Administration in 2019. An Act to level the playing field, to ensure all citizens are afforded the rights to equal protection under the law, and yet then as now they stand legally opposed.